The volunteer newsletter at Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary

Profiles

In Case a Visitor Asks

Quick ID Guide

Odds & Ends

Panther Island News

Newsletters

Special features on the wildlife and habitats in Corkscrew

Questions and answers about life and observations along the boardwalk

Tips for identifying wildlife that may be seen from the boardwalk

Miscellaneous articles of interest

Spotlight on invasive species, general news

Chronological index of newsletters

 

PROFILES & FEATURES

BIRDS

Anhinga ~ February, 2008
Bunting, Painted ~ October, 2006
Catbird, Gray ~ December, 2010
Cuckoo, Yellow-billed ~ May, 2013
Duck , Black-bellied Whistling~ October, 2012
Eastern Phoebe ~ November, 2010
Egret, Great ~ January, 2010
Flycatcher, Great-crested ~ May, 2010
Gnatcatcher, Blue-gray ~ February, 2011
Grackle, Common ~ April, 2010
Hawk, Red-shouldered ~ February, 2009
Heron, Black-crowned Night ~ January, 2013
Heron, Green ~ February, 2014
Heron, Little Blue ~ June, 2009
Heron, Yellow-crowned Night ~ February, 2013
Hummingbird, Ruby-throated ~ December, 2009
Kingfisher, Belted ~ December, 2012
Kite, Swallow-tailed ~ February, 2007
Limpkin ~ August, 2007
Mockingbird ~ June, 2013
Owl, Barred ~ October, 2009
Owl & hawk nesting ~ April, 2007
Spoonbill, Roseate ~ March, 2014
Tree Swallow ~ January, 2012
Tufted Titmouse ~ May, 2012
Turkey ~ August, 2013
Vireo, Blue-headed ~ December, 2013
Vireo, White-eyed ~ December, 2008
Vulture, Black ~ July, 2011
Vulture, Turkey ~ December, 2007
Warbler, Black-and-white ~ January, 2014
Warbler, Northern Parula ~ August, 2008
Warbler, Palm ~ November, 2011
Warbler, Pine ~ November, 2012
Warbler, Prothonotary ~ September, 2011
Waterthrush, Northern & Louisiana ~ October, 2013
White Ibis ~ March, 2010
Wood Stork ~ December, 2006
Woodpecker, Downy ~ November, 2009
Woodpecker, Pileated ~ October, 2008
Woodpecker, Red-bellied ~ May, 2009
Wren, Carolina ~ January, 2008

MAMMALS

Bats at Corkscrew ~ July/Aug/Sept/Oct, 2007
Big Cypress Fox Squirrel ~ February, 2010
Black Bear ~ June, 2008
River Otter ~ November, 2008

PLANTS

Alligator Flag ~ September, 2013
Bald Cypress ~ January, 2007
Butterfly plants ~ November, 2007
Cabbage Palm ~ September, 2009
Cattail ~ March, 2012
Coastal Plain Willow ~ July, 2009
Frog's Bit ~ March, 2011
Ghost Orchid ~ July, 2010
Poison Ivy ~ January, 2009
Pond Apple ~ September, 2007
Red Maple ~ August, 2011
Salvinia ~ March, 2009
Saw Palmetto ~ September, 2012
Slash Pine ~ January, 2011
Spanish Moss ~ September, 2010
Strangler Fig ~ November, 2006
Vine identification ~ June, 2011
Water Lettuce ~ March, 2008
Wax Myrtle ~ June, 2010

HERPS

Alligator ~ March, 2007
Anole: Green & Brown ~ July, 2007
Frog: Corkscrew's frogs & toads ~ June, 2007
Frog: Green Treefrog ~ April, 2008
Frog: Pig Frog ~ September, 2008
Snake: Banded Water Snake ~ April, 2009
Snake: Black Racer ~ April, 2014
Snake: Water Moccasin ~ March, 2013
Snake: Yellow Rat Snake ~ February, 2012
Turtle: Florida Red-bellied ~ October, 2010
Turtle: Florida Softshell ~ August, 2010

INSECTS

African Honey Bees ~ December, 2009
Butterfly: Brazilian Skipper ~ December, 2011
Butterfly: Queen ~ November, 2013
Butterfly: Palamedes Swallowtail ~ July, 2012
Butterfly: Ruddy Daggerwing ~ August, 2009
Butterfly: Zebra Longwing ~ July, 2013
Butterfly Identification guide ~ July, 2012
Lovebugs ~ October, 2011
Milkweed Bugs & Cotton Stainer ~ April, 2013
New damselfly species ~ Feb., 2008 & Mar., 2009
Southeastern Lubber Grasshopper ~ June, 2012
Yellow Fly ~ April, 2012
 
MISCELLANEOUS
 
Aestivation & dry-downs ~ May, 2007
Corkscrew places ~ May, 2011
Identification/Misidentification ~ April, 2011
Lightning ~ July, 2008
Mosquitofish ~ October, 2007
Prescribed burns ~ May, 2008
Scientific name pronunciation ~ August, 2012

IN CASE A VISITOR ASKS

Birds

Why do birds stand on one leg? ~ February, 2014
Why don't birds fall off of their perches while sleeping or napping? ~ September, 2013
Does using a regular flash for wildlife photography disturb small birds? ~ August, 2013
Common bird questions and answers ~ June, 2013
Can birds' feet get frosbite during winter freezes? ~ December, 2011
When do birds sleep? ~ August, 2009
What's the difference between a bird call and a bird song? ~ July, 2009
When birds sing and call, what are they really saying? ~ April, 2010
What's the difference between an accipiter and a buteo? ~ July, 2011
Why do some birds have such dark feathers on their wings and tails? ~ April, 2011
What's the difference between a dove and a pigeon? ~ January, 2011
What is "anting" and why do birds do it? ~ August, 2010
Will Wood Storks nest this year, and will they be successful? ~ January, 2010
Where do Wood Storks go and what do they do when they don't nest here? ~ May, 2010
What birds nest in Corkscrew during the summer months (June-August)? ~ June, 2009
When will those birds breed, and how soon before we see chicks? ~ February, 2010
What are some common hatch and fledge times? ~ February, 2007
What are the differences between an Anhinga and a Cormorant? ~ March, 2008
Why do Anhingas spread their wings? ~ January, 2007
Do female Anhingas also get blue eyes in mating season? ~ April, 2009
How long before immature Little Blue Herons are blue? ~ April, 2009
When do juvenile White Ibis become all white? ~ April, 2009
Why do sapsuckers drill holes in rows? ~ November, 2007
How big is that bird, and what's its wingspan? ~ ~ January, 2008

Insects & Spiders

What makes the web with a small sphere and all those tiny things inside? ~ October, 2013
If caterpillars are insects, do they have three body parts and six legs? ~ February, 2013
Do butterflies have internal organs like hearts and brains? ~ July, 2012
What's a fast way to tell if it's a butterfly or a moth? ~ July, 2012
What do insects do when it rains and where do they go? ~ September, 2009
Are African (killer) honey bees in Corkscrew? Are they cause for alarm? ~ December, 2009
How do fishing spiders, water striders, and other insects walk on water? ~ October, 2009
Do all spiders bite? Are they poisonous? ~ December, 2008

Reptiles & Amphibians

Why do turtles stretch their legs out when they bask? ~ January, 2013
How can one determine the sex of an alligator? ~ June, 2012
What do alligators eat? ~ February, 2009
Are snakes territorial? ~ March, 2011
How do snakes climb trees? ~ November, 2006
What happens to snakes, gators and frogs during freezing temperatures? ~ March, 2010
What happens to alligators and turtles when the lakes dry up? ~ April, 2008

Mammals

Are there really Florida Panthers in Corkscrew? How many are there? ~ May, 2012
What should people do if they see a bobcat or a bear on the boardwalk? ~ September, 2010
Why are raccoons active during the day? Are they dangerous? ~ November, 2008
What left that scat? ~ March, 2007

Plants

Common plant questions and answers ~ May, 2013
What are the oldest plants growing in Corkscrew today? ~ March, 2013
How old are the Slash Pine trees growing around the visitor center? ~ March, 2012
Do marshmallows have anything to do with Salt Marsh Mallows? ~ August, 2011
Why do some cypress grow needles when they should be dropping them? ~ January, 2009
What are cypress knees? ~ September, 2007
Why are some cypress knees orange on top while others are brown or gray? ~ October, 2010
What are the white growths on cypress trees? ~ June, 2007
What causes peeling or shredded bark on cypress tress? ~ October, 2006
Can cypress trees grow together? ~ September, 2006
What makes the slits in Alligator Flag leaves? ~ August, 2006
What are the red flowers that are growing out from the sides of trees? ~ May, 2009
Do scientists classify fungi as plants or animals? ~ June, 2011
What are the brightly colored splotches on the boardwalk and trees? ~ May, 2011
Is the green mat covering the water by the boardwalk algae? ~ February, 2011
What vine is blanketing the trees? ~ ~ December, 2007
What are the growths on bay leaves? ~ October, 2007
What's the feathery looking plant growing in the wet prairie? ~ August, 2008

Water

Is the water polluted? What's the stuff floating on top? ~ December, 2013
When is there water here, and how high does it get? ~ September, 2011
Are the water levels high, average, or low for this time of year? ~ December, 2010
Where did the water go, and when will it come back? ~ June, 2008
Why does the water look dirty? ~ December, 2006
How do you read the first water gauge? ~ November, 2010
How do you read the Stevens Gauge? ~ June, 2007

Miscellaneous

What's the difference between a wet prairie and a marsh? ~ March, 2014
Common critter questions and answers ~ July, 2013
How long can (fill in the blank) stay under water? ~ December, 2012
Why are there metal tubes on the Bunting House bird feeder? ~ February, 2012
What's that little house back there behind the gate? ~ November, 2009
How much of what can be seen from the observation platform belongs to Corkscrew? ~ March, 2009
How does aquatic life reestablish itself after a prolonged dry period? ~ September, 2008
What are tussocks, where do they come from, and what do they do? ~ May, 2008
Why is it called "Corkscrew"? ~ August, 2007
What is the boardwalk wood? ~ July, 2007
Do you feed wildlife? ~ May, 2007
What's the best time to visit? ~ April, 2007

QUICK ID GUIDE

Birds ...
 
Blackbirds: Common vs. Boat-tailed Grackle ~ March, 2007
Blackbirds: Starling vs. fem. Red-winged Blackbird ~ March, 2008
Doves: Mourning vs. Ground ~ August, 2009
Birds in Flight: Ducks ~ October, 2008
Birds in Flight: Vultures ~ February, 2008
Herons: Little Blue vs. Tri-colored ~ December, 2007
Herons: Immature night herons ~ January, 2007
Swallow-tailed Kite: immature vs. adult ~ July, 2008
Swallows: Tree Swallow vs. juvenile Purple Martin ~ June, 2011
Wading Birds: Little white wading birds ~ February, 2007
Wading Birds: White Ibis, Glossy Ibis, Limpkin ~ November, 2007
Wading Birds: Palm vs. Yellow-rumped ~ November, 2010
Waterthrushes: Louisiana vs. Northern ~ November, 2006
Woodpeckers: Hairy vs. Downy ~ May, 2007
Woodpeckers: imm. Red-bellied vs. Yellow-bellied ~ October, 2010
Vireos: Yellow-throated vs. Pine Warbler ~ January, 2011
Vireos: White-eyed vs. Blue-headed vs. kinglet ~ October, 2007
Vireos: immature White-eyed vs. Blue-headed ~ October, 2011
Warblers: Blue-winged vs. Pine ~ February, 2012
 
Insects & Arachnids ...
 
Butterflies: Four black swallowtails ~ May, 2009
Butterflies: Four yellow sulphurs ~ November, 2008
Butterflies: Three bright orange ~ March, 2014
Butterflies: Gulf Fritillary-Julia-Ruddy Daggerwing ~ September, 2009
Butterflies: Monarch-Viceroy ~ September, 2006
Butterflies: Swallowtail-Black Swallowtail ~ July, 2007
Butterflies: Pearl Crescent-Phaon Crescent ~ September, 2007
Butterflies: Soldier-Viceroy ~ September, 2008
Caterpillars: Four that sting ~ December, 2008
Caterpillars: Woolly Bears & Yellow Bears ~ December, 2011
Flies: Metallic Green & Yellow Jacket Hoverflies ~ June, 2012
Spiders: Three Fishing Spiders ~ February, 2009
Spiders: Two large Orbweavers ~ August, 2008
Spiders: Orchard & Long-jawed Orbweavers ~ January, 2009
Spiders: Venusta & No-name Orbweavers ~ July, 2010
Herps, Mammals & Others ...
 
Fish: White rafts & Brown Hoplo catfish ~ August, 2011
Frogs: male vs. female Pig Frog ~ October, 2009
Rabbits: Cottontail vs. Marsh ~ April, 2007
Snakes: Banded Water vs. Water Moccasin ~ October, 2006
Snakes: Three common black snakes ~ November, 2009
Turtles: Red-bellied vs. Cooter ~ December, 2006
 
Plants ...
 
Four species of Hypericum commonly seen from boardwalk ~ June, 2013
Alligator Flag, Pickerelweed, Sagittaria ~ August, 2007
Beaked Orchids (Sacoila lanceolata) ~ April, 2012
Butterfly Garden plants ~ September, 2012
Dewberry ~ March, 2012
Elderberry, Water Dropwort, Water Hemlock ~ April, 2008
Exotics: Brazilian Pepper, Downy Rose Myrtle, Lygodium ~ June, 2008
Ferns: part 1 (June, 2009) & part 2 (July, 2009)
Grasses: Giant Cutgrass ~ July, 2011
Grasses: Sand Cordgrass ~ February, 2011
Saw Palmetto vs. Cabbage Palm ~ June, 2007
Seasonal plants in the lettuce lakes ~ May, 2008
Smartweed ~ April, 2011
Trees: Bald Cypress vs. Pond Cypress ~ June, 2007
Trees: Coastal Plain Willow vs. Virginia Willow ~ March, 2009
Trees: Live Oak vs. Laurel Oak ~ April, 2009 & January, 2012
Trees: Red Bay vs. Swamp Bay ~ March, 2011
Vines: Smilax species ~ February, 2010
Vines: Summer Grape vs. Muscadine Grape ~ June, 2010
Water Horehound ~ May, 2011
Water Horn Fern ~ November, 2011
Water Paspalum ~ September, 2011
White flowered Sedges ~ September, 2010

Odds & Ends

Birds

Checklist of 110 most common birds seen from the boardwalk ~ March, 2014
Left eye/right eye finds food; alpha birds thinner, more rested, more alert ~ September, 2013
Ground-nesting birds eavesdrop on mammals to find safer nesting sites ~ May, 2013
Birds adjust how they sing as habitat around them changes ~ January, 2013
Some birds fly into power lines because of "blind spots" in field of vision ~ December, 2012
Brightly colored birds pay high physical price for courtship coloration ~ November, 2012
Study shows warblers prefer to play classics for love ~ April, 2012
To be fully functional, feathers must grow, then die, then be tended ~ January, 2012
Birding odds on the Corkscrew boardwalk ~ January, 2012
Male hummingbirds use tails to shriek for female's attention, affection ~ December, 2011
Songbirds prefer regular food to organic food ~ June, 2010
Bird feeders, feeding may alter species evolution ~ January, 2010
Woodpecker Trivia ~ November, 2009
Earth's geomagnetic field helps birds determine migration orientation ~ June, 2008
Bird topography ~ September, 2009
Painted Bunting project needs help ~ December, 2009

Herps

Be watchful, 'Sherman the Tortoise' ambles where volunteers drive, park ~ January, 2014
New study finds alligators, other crocodilians like to eat fruit and veggies ~ October, 2013
Most snake mating occurs in spring, newborns appear in late summer ~ May, 2012
Amorous male alligators employ principles of physics during water dance ~ January, 2012
Most frog/toad missing limbs, deformities now attributed to natural predators ~ October, 2011
How do treefrogs cling to both wet and dry surfaces? ~ August, 2008
Basking lizards get more than just warmth from sun ~ May, 2009

Insects & spiders

Study finds some honey bees display individual personality traits ~ February, 2014
Canabalistic female spiders more reproductively successful ~ January, 2014
Predator avoidance: Müllerian mimicry vs. Batesian mimicry ~ November, 2013
Tiger moths, hawk moths evolve detection defenses, can jam bat sonar ~ August, 2013
Bug of the Month: Leaf-footed Bug ~ May, 2013
Bug of the Month: Bagworm ~ March, 2013
Bug of the Month: Thorn Bug ~ February, 2013
Plants improve pollination chances by getting honey bees buzzed on caffeine ~ April, 2013
Males, females play the game: whiffs of insect romance fill the air ~ November, 2012
Butterfly and Moth Trivia ~ July, 2012
Would you believe... Mosquitoes don't bite, sting, or feed on blood ~ August, 2009
Hot bodied males most attractive to females ~ March, 2011
Whose reality is real? Bees, other pollinators see actual world in UV ~ January, 2011
Spider webs and cobwebs-- what's a cob and why does it build a web? ~ September, 2011
Spiders create decorations to protect their webs ~ July, 2011
A dozen miscellaneous things you probably didn't know about spiders ~ June, 2011
Spiders create amazing webs with unusual properties, science tries to copy ~ September, 2010

Plants

Three methods of plant reproduction center on male/female flowers ~ February, 2014
Leaves from native plant in Corkscrew contain natural mosquito repellent ~ July, 2013
Tomato extract repels moquitoes, offers natural defense as good as DEET ~ April, 2013
Biological control agents gradually reducing melaleuca population ~ May, 2011
Bladderworts' carnivore trap intrigues medical researchers ~ April, 2011
Corkscrew's carnivorous plants ~ October, 2012
Coastal Plain Willow has nature's miracle drug for aches, pains, maladies ~ February, 2011
Clash of the Kingdoms: plant and spider compete for same food ~ June, 2010
Brazilian Pepper berry pickers puzzle birders... ~ January, 2009
 

Miscellaneous

Glossary of habitat terms ~ March, 2014
'Ancient Giants of the Swamp Expedition' searches Corkscreew ~ January, 2014
'Tis the season... for a little smoke ~ December, 2013
Seeing same light twice provides advantage to nocturnal animals ~ November, 2013
Be part of Wetlands Restoration Monitoring Project ~ October, 2013
Eight common wildlife myths ~ February, 2013
Insect repellent tips ~ December, 2012
Meet the Staff ~ November, 2012
Annual rainfall statistics ~ October, 2012
Strangler Fig roots left-handed, hot water freezes faster than cold, Heaven hotter than Hell ~ August, 2012
What is a wind chill factor and how is it determined? ~ February, 2012
What's a heat index, how is it calculated, and how does it affect people? ~ August, 2010
Florida Apple Snail threatened by two South American apple snails ~ August, 2010
"Oil" spots in water, sex & heat, invisible colors attract birds ~ March, 2010
Bird knees and frog eyes-- five things you may never have thought about ~ July, 2009
Bats recognize other individual bats' voices ~ September, 2009
 

First Aid Tips

Dehydration ~ November, 2012
Minor cuts and scrapes ~ October, 2012
Treating blisters ~ September, 2012
Treating insect stings ~ August, 2012
Treating poison ivy ~ July, 2012
Removing a splinter ~ June, 2012
Heat exhaustion/stroke ~ May, 2012

Panther Island News

General

Welcome to PI News ~ September, 2012
NABA butterfly count ~ September, 2012
Wood Ducks benefit from Eagle Scout project ~ October, 2012
Prescribed fire safety refresher, seminar planned ~ November, 2012
Point counts provide data to measure restoration ~ November, 2012
Celery Fields trip showcases mentoring, Audubon/government partnership ~ December, 2012
Meet Richard Booth, Panther Island's volunteer extraordinaire ~ April, 2013
AmeriCorps coming to help with exotics removal ~ May, 2013
AmeriCorps team spends three weeks aiding PI land management efforts ~ July, 2013
Coming soon: long term monitoring program help ~ August, 2013
BatBlitz brings networking opportunities, sharing of conservation ideas ~ September, 2013
Category 1 & 2 exotic invasive plants, native nuisance plants require vigilant attention ~ October, 2013
Resource management interns bring wealth of experience to Corkscrew ~ November, 2013
At year's end in Panther Island, a time to reflect ~ January, 2014
Workshop provides information about South Florida invasive species, threats, controls ~ February, 2014

Spotlight on Invasives

Balsam-pear (Momordica charantia) ~ November, 2012
Brazilian Pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius) ~ May, 2013
Caesarweed (Urena lobata) ~ March, 2014
Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) ~ June, 2013
Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum) ~ December, 2012
Old World Climbing Fern (Lygodium microphyllum) ~ January, 2013
Peruvian Primrose Willow (Ludwigia peruviana) ~ December, 2013
Popcorn Sedge (Scleria lacustris) ~ September, 2012
Smooth Rattlebox (Crotalaria pallida var. obovata) ~ August, 2013
Tropical Soda Apple (Solanum viarum) ~ April, 2013
Vasey Grass (Paspalum urvillei) ~ February, 2014
Water Lettuce (Pistia stratiotes) ~ March, 2013
Wedelia (Wedelia grilobata) ~ September, 2013
West Indian Marsh Grass (Hymenachne amplexicaulis) ~ October, 2012

GENERAL NEWSLETTER INDEX

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